Salvation Army – Founded by William Booth in 1865 as the “Christian Mission” of E. London, changed to its present name in 1878. Originally, Trinitarian and Arminian in its theology, its main emphasis soon became and still remains social action.
Sanhedrin – The supreme council and court of the Jews in Jerusalem of seventy-one members dominated by the High Priest and the aristocratic Sadducees.
Saracens – A word used by medieval Christians to describe Muslims during the Crusades.
Savanarola (1452-1498) – Italian reformer, political leader of Florence, attacked the Pope, instigated “the bonfire of the vanities.”
Schleiermacher, Friedrich Daniel (1768-1834) – German Pietist theologian and heretic, founder of the University of Berlin, associate of Hegel, a great supporter of German nationalism and leading advocate of the Prussian Union of the Lutheran and Reformed churches in Germany, sought to find a middle ground between orthodoxy based on revealed truth and raw naturalism based on abstract speculation.
Schweitzer, Albert (1875-1965) – German theologian, heretic, medical missionary, musician; taught that the true historical Jesus was nothing like the Bible’s portrait of Him, and seriously questioned whether any such person ever existed at all.