Henry VIII of England, (1491-1547) – Second Son of Tudor Henry VII and Elizabeth of York, given the title “Defender of the Faith” by the Pope in 1521 for his “Defense of the Seven Sacraments” against Luther. In 1509 he had married his older brother’s widow, Catherine of Aragon; when she “failed” to produce a male heir Henry divorced her, precipitating the English Reformation against the Pope’s authority.
Heresy – From the Greek word meaning a philosophical school, teaching, party, or division, it took on a negative connotation early in the Christian era to denote any theological error or deviation from orthodox Biblical or church teaching, and which deserves censure.
Herodotus (400′s BC) – Greek traveler and historian, called “The Father of History.”
Higher Criticism – A heretical and dangerous form of Biblical study which place human reason and logic above Scripture.
Hinduism – A system of belief that has as its base Transmigration of the soul; one’s status depends on the conduct in a previous life; the goal is release from rebirth and absorption into God (Brahma).
Hippolytus (died c.236) – Early Christian scholar, wrote “Apostolic Traditions,” which gives a fairly complete picture of Christian worship and church organization in the Third Century.