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Names, Places, and Terms To Know in Christian Church History

Salvation Army – Founded by William Booth in 1865 as the “Christian Mission” of E. London, changed to its present name in 1878. Originally, Trinitarian and Arminian in its theology, its main emphasis soon became and still remains social action.

Sanhedrin – The supreme council and court of the Jews in Jerusalem of seventy-one members dominated by the High Priest and the aristocratic Sadducees.

Saracens – A word used by medieval Christians to describe Muslims during the Crusades.

Savanarola (1452-1498) – Italian reformer, political leader of Florence, attacked the Pope, instigated “the bonfire of the vanities.”

Schleiermacher, Friedrich Daniel (1768-1834) – German Pietist theologian and heretic, founder of the University of Berlin, associate of Hegel, a great supporter of German nationalism and leading advocate of the Prussian Union of the Lutheran and Reformed churches in Germany, sought to find a middle ground between orthodoxy based on revealed truth and raw naturalism based on abstract speculation.

Schweitzer, Albert (1875-1965) – German theologian, heretic, medical missionary, musician; taught that the true historical Jesus was nothing like the Bible’s portrait of Him, and seriously questioned whether any such person ever existed at all.

Who Are We? - What is a Lutheran?

The answer to this question is simply this, “A Lutheran is a person who believes, teaches, and confesses all the truths of God’s Word as they are summarized and confessed in the Book of Concord.” The Book of Concord contains the Lutheran confessions of faith.

Perhaps you have attended an ordination of a pastor and heard him promise that he will perform the duties of his office in accord with the Lutheran Confessions. Also, when people are received into membership into a Lutheran congregation through confirmation they are asked if they confess the doctrine of the Confessional Lutheran Church as contained in the Book of Concord to be faithful and true.

These solemn promises indicate to us just how important the Lutheran Confessions are for our church. Let’s take a look at the various items contained in the Book of Concord and then see why the Lutheran Confessions are so important for being a Lutheran.


What is the connection between the Bible and the Confessions?

In the Formula of Concord Lutherans confess that, “The Word of God is and should remain the sole rule and norm of all doctrine.” In other words, what the Bible asserts, God asserts. What the Bible commands, God commands. The authority of the Scriptures is complete, certain, and absolutely final. The Scriptures are accepted by the Lutheran Confessions as what they are – the actual Word of God. The Lutheran Confessions urge us to believe that Bible is God’s “pure, infallible, and unalterable Word.” And, because the Confessions are in complete doctrinal agreement with the written Word of God, they serve as the standard in the Lutheran Church to determine what is faithful Biblical teaching and what is not.

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Service Times & Map

Second Saturday of every month: Private Confession & Absolution at 3:00 PM and 5:00 PM, or by special appointment with the Pastor.


Pastor Q & A: 9:00 AM

Adult and Children's Bible Time: 9:30 AM

Worship: 10:25 AM

Fellowship: 11:30 AM


Bible Break 10:00 AM and 7:00 PM


Youth Instruction (as needed): 3:30 PM

Wednesday Worship during Advent and Lent

6:00 PM - Light Supper

7:00 PM - Vesper Service

Trinity Orthodox Lutheran Church
4422 Snyder Boulevard
Sierra Vista, Arizona 85635
P: (520) 458-5897

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