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Names, Places, and Terms To Know in Christian Church History

Francis of Assisi, Saint (1182-1226) – Founder of the Franciscan order, with it’s three pillars of “Poverty, Preaching, and Penance.”

Freemasonry – A system of belief and practice which does much outward and civic good, but denies the basic, historic, orthodox teachings of the Bible.

Fundamentalism – A broad conservative Christian movement which seeks to establish fellowship and cooperation based on acceptance of only the most basic and essential Biblical doctrines.

Galesburg Rule – A statement of principle and policy formulated by American Lutheran theologian Charles Porterfield Krauth and adopted by the Lutheran General Council meeting at Galesburg, Illinois in1875; namely, “Lutheran pulpits for Lutheran ministers only; Lutheran altars for Lutheran communicants only.”

Gladstone, William Ewart (1809-1898) – British Prime minister during much of Queen Victoria’s reign, a tireless opponent of slavery, defender of Catholic rights, but a conservative evangelical Christian who believed in “the impregnable Rock of Holy Scripture.”

Gnosticism – A religious movement in the early church which stressed salvation through “secret knowledge,” and the material world as only evil; thus, oddly, both ascetic and libertine.

Who Are We? - What is a Lutheran?

The answer to this question is simply this, “A Lutheran is a person who believes, teaches, and confesses all the truths of God’s Word as they are summarized and confessed in the Book of Concord.” The Book of Concord contains the Lutheran confessions of faith.

Perhaps you have attended an ordination of a pastor and heard him promise that he will perform the duties of his office in accord with the Lutheran Confessions. Also, when people are received into membership into a Lutheran congregation through confirmation they are asked if they confess the doctrine of the Confessional Lutheran Church as contained in the Book of Concord to be faithful and true.

These solemn promises indicate to us just how important the Lutheran Confessions are for our church. Let’s take a look at the various items contained in the Book of Concord and then see why the Lutheran Confessions are so important for being a Lutheran.


What is the Formula of Concord?

After Luther’s death in 1546, difficult controversies broke out in the Lutheran Church. In 1577, after much debate and struggle, the Formula of Concord put an end to these doctrinal controversies and the Lutheran Church was able to move ahead united in what it believed, taught and confessed. In 1580, all the confessional writings mentioned here were gathered into a single volume, the Book of Concord. The word “Concord” means “harmony.”

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Service Times & Map

Second Saturday of every month: Private Confession & Absolution at 3:00 PM and 5:00 PM, or by special appointment with the Pastor.


Pastor Q & A: 9:00 AM

Adult and Children's Bible Time: 9:30 AM

Worship: 10:25 AM

Fellowship: 11:30 AM


Bible Break 10:00 AM and 7:00 PM


Youth Instruction (as needed): 3:30 PM

Wednesday Worship during Advent and Lent

6:00 PM - Light Supper

7:00 PM - Vesper Service

Trinity Orthodox Lutheran Church
4422 Snyder Boulevard
Sierra Vista, Arizona 85635
P: (520) 458-5897

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