Islam – A system of religious belief which holds to monotheism, but denies the Trinity; accepts the Old and New Testaments, but denies the divinity of Jesus, and holds to the teachings of Mohammed as recorded in the Koran.
Jehovah Witness – A non-Christian cult which denies the Trinity, deity of Christ, and hell, and promotes salvation by works, founded by Charles Russell in 1870’s America.
Jerome, Saint (345-419) - Translated the Bible into the common (“vulgar”) language of his day, Latin, from Hebrew and Greek manuscripts.
Josephus, Flavius (37-100) – Ascetic, Jewish priest, general, diplomat, and historian, wrote a history of the Jewish nation, and recorded some of the people and events of Jesus’ day.
Justin Martyr (100-165) – Christian writer who defended his faith against misrepresentation and ridicule of Christianity by pagan Roman philosophers and politicians.
Kierkegaard, Soren (1813-1855) – Danish philosopher and heretic, a forerunner of existentialism, taught that God could not be known since He was “wholly other,” and only by a “leap of faith” could one become a contemporary of Christ and thus transcend time and space and live a Christian life.